Copyright literally means the “right to copy” and generally refers to the
exclusive right to produce or reproduce a work, or any substantial part of one.
Copyright law seeks to strike a balance between creator and
user rights. Your role is to ensure that when you use copyright material you do
so legally and respectfully to the rights of creators.
Does Copyright Protect?
Copyright, a form of intellectual property law, protects original works of
authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as
poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Please note
Canadian Government documents are subject to Crown Copyright. While it is
possible to register a Copyright in Canada this is not required. Copyright
protection is automatic under the law at the point a work exists in a fixed
format typically on paper or in the form of a digital file. Copyright does not
protect facts, titles, names, short phrases, works for which the copyright has
expired (in Canada life of the author plus 50 years), or on works created by the
Digital and Paper Copies of Material at Red River College
Three things govern the making of copies in any format at Red River College.
Regardless if you are making a PDF or other digital format copy to put on Learn,
distributing photocopies in class, or copying resources for you own use as a
student or instructor, you are responsible to adhere to federal law and policies
around Copyright at Red River College. You can link to the Canadian copyright
act and Red River copyright policies below.
of Fair Dealing Guidelines
- Please review the
Red River College Fair Dealing Policy for full guidelines this section is
intended as a quick reference and is not the full policy.
- College Instructors and staff members may communicate and reproduce, in
paper or electronic form, short excerpts from a copyright-protected work for the
purposes of research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting,
education, satire and parody.
- Copying inclusive of the use of images should mention the source (cite
the source) and, if given in the source, the name of the author or creator
of the work.
- Copying or communicating multiple short excerpts from the same
copyright-protected work, with the intention of copying or communicating
substantially the entire work, is prohibited.
- Under the
Red River College Fair Dealing Policy you may for the purposes of research,
private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire and parody,
with proper accreditation to the source (cite
the source) use:
- up to 10% of a copyright-protected work (including a literary work, musical
score, sound recording, and an audiovisual work);
- one chapter from a book;
- a single article from a periodical;
- an entire artistic work (including a painting, print, photograph, diagram,
drawing, map, chart, and plan) from a copyright-protected work containing other
- an entire newspaper article or page;
- an entire single poem or musical score from a copyright-protected work
containing other poems or musical scores;
- an entire entry from an encyclopedia, annotated bibliography, dictionary or
similar reference work.
Using images differs from using text based resources, because you seldom want to
use a portion of the image, the way you do when using short excerpts from text.
Often the whole image, which is considered copying the whole work is shared.
This usage requires permission from the copyright holder. We encourage those who
wish to use images in for teaching and instruction to use
Creative Commons images which still require accreditation but are generally
intended for educational and non-commercial use.
do not Infringe Copyright
Linking is always the preferable way of providing access to content. When you
download a PDF you make a copy of that resource and are subject to copyright
law, and policy. Linking to content does not constitute the making of a copy so
you are free to link to publicly available online content like websites, online
videos, etc. If you download an online worksheet or copy a blog post for your
class you are subject to copyright law and policy.
Linking is rarely a copyright issue but attempt to avoid
clearly infringing copies such as full motion pictures that have been uploaded
by independent users. (For Example linking to an animated short uploaded by
Disney on Youtube would be a legal copy, linking to a full length Disney movie
uploaded by user "Sally123" would likely be linking to an infringing copy).
Linking to most Youtube videos, especially ones that allow sharing and
embedding, is acceptable for teaching and instruction.
Linking to content through the library is always the best
option. All of the library’s licensed digital content will have "permalink",
“persistent link” or DOIs, as linking options, all of which should work even for
off-campus users. Downloading library content as a PDF is generating an
unnecessary copy of that resource. This prevents the library from gaining
valuable statistics on what resources are being used by students and
instructors. Statistics help ensure the library can continue subscribing to
resources used by staff and students. Usage statistics are vital to the Library,
additionally when you make a PDF the copy of a library resource that copy is
subject to the
Red River College Fair Dealing Policy where linking to the library resource
requires no additional consideration of copyright or citation of work.
the Copyright Officer
Do you have concerns or questions about copyright? Red River College has a
Copyright Officer on staff with the Library team who is able to assist you with
advice on following copyright policy, and is able to assess your course material
for potential copyright concerns. If you need to use part of a resource above
what is permitted by copyright policy the copyright officer can look into
additional licensing options on your behalf, or assist with permission requests
to publishers, authors and creators for use of material. The copyright officer
can also assist you in sourcing open access, and creative commons resources for
use in your teaching and instruction. If you need assistance with copyright as a
student or employee of Red River College contact:
Notre Dame Campus CM43 (Library)