Also known as refereeing, peer-review is an important part of the article publication process. As students, you will often be asked to limit your searches to peer-reviewed articles. This guide will help you understand what a peer-reviewed article is, how to find them, and how to identify them "in the wild".
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The following terms will be used throughout the guide, you may find it beneficial to familiarize yourself with them.
Where noted the definitions came from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.
Noun : a person who has done advanced study in a special field (Merriam-webster)
Noun : a person who reviews a paper and especially a technical paper and recommends that it should or should not be published (Merriam-Webster)
Verb (also Refereed, Refereeing) : to review (something, such as a technical paper) before publication (Merriam-Webster)
Noun : a process by which something proposed (as for research or publication) is evaluated by a group of experts in the appropriate field (Merriam-Webster) (i.e. peers)
The term "Refereed" is sometimes used instead of 'Peer-reviewed" - they are synonyms. In this case, the reviewers are known as "referees".
Noun : published with a fixed interval between the issues or numbers (Merriam-Webster)
Journals, magazines and newspapers are all examples of periodicals.
A periodical that includes academic or scholarly articles written by scholars and focused on a particular topic or field of study. The journal (and its articles) may or may not be peer-reviewed.
An academic or scholarly journal that puts its articles thorough a peer-review process prior to publishing them. Most (if not all) peer-reviewed journals are academic or scholarly - but not all academic or scholarly journals are peer-reviewed.
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