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Academic Writing and Citation

This guide provides time-tested strategies on becoming comfortable with the writing process, resources on citation styles, and information on how to avoid plagiarism.


APA Manual image


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences, education, engineering, etc. It uses parenthetical in-text citations and a "References" list at the end of the paper to link sources. (source: EduBirdie)

At its most basic, APA guides you on how to cite and reference the sources you use in your writing, and how to structure your research paper. These guidelines help you give credit to the ideas and research of others and help you avoid plagiarism.  Student papers will usually have the following components:

  • Title Page
  • Body
  • Intext Citations
  • References

You can view many examples of citations and references on the APA website and the links and tutorials below will be very helpful.


APA Style 7th Edition

Here are a couple of videos on the basics of using APA 7.

APA APA formatting for PowerPoint: How to apply APA style to PowerPoint Presentations

APA doesn't provide much guidance when making presentations; here are some great tips to keep you in line with APA. 

Common Knowledge

Open Textbooks (OER)

Official Manuals

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